Soaring fuel prices threaten to slam brakes on economic growth

The road transport logistics industry is the backbone of efficient supply chains and soaring fuel prices


The road transport logistics industry is the backbone of efficient supply chains and soaring fuel prices will, therefore, also have a direct negative impact on the productivity and growth of a country’s economy

Diesel remains the lifeblood of a transport-intensive country where comparatively more tonne-kilometres are required to contribute US$1 to the gross-domestic product.

The bulk of the country’s freight is moved via a vast road network, and this includes the large tonnages of cementitious products, fuels and chemicals, as well as steel that are safely transported by logistics companies on behalf of leading industrial sectors of the economy.

As a leading participant in the South African road transport logistics sector, Cargo Carriers continues to invest heavily into mitigating its exposure to this risk, but cautions that fuel prices will place an additional heavy burden on the entire road-freight sector, as well as already-beleaguered industrial segments of the economy.

In 2017, the company’s sizeable fleet covered well over 19-million kilometres on behalf of its many customers, some of which are operating in strained environments and depend upon an innovative and efficient transport solution to retain a competitive edge.

For example, the company has remained a strategic partner to participants in both the cement and steel production sectors, which have been directly impacted by reduced spending on infrastructure by state and a sharp decline in private-sector property development projects due to an underperforming economy.

Fuel price hikes will also have a profound negative impact on the many other strategic sectors of the economy that rely on road to efficiently transport goods.

Road-freight companies transport well over 80% of South Africa’s freight, and this includes the lion’s share of goods that are being transported over distances of more than 600 kilometres from Gauteng, the country’s main economic hub, to the closest ports along the coast.

Primary bulk export commodities, which are mostly located within the interior of the country, are also conveniently moved to the ports via road, despite concerted attempts by state to migrate tonnages to rail.

South Africa’s long economic reliance on high-value imported consumer goods and low-value bulk exports has also contributed towards intensive transport operations, and this has been exacerbated by historical spatial planning that used large distances to segregate communities.

Meanwhile, local distribution of manufactured and agricultural goods between dispersed centres is just as onerous, in terms of transport operations.

Cargo Carriers’ sugar producing customers, for example, have also been grappling with fluctuating crude oil costs, in addition to volatile market prices, fierce international competition and the impact of changes in climatic conditions, such as drought.

The company’s sophisticated and cost-effective transport solutions have played a large part in assisting them improve their performance in these challenging conditions.

By June, diesel prices peaked to new highs since December 2017 due to higher crude oil prices on the back of weaker Rand/Dollar exchange rate.The higher prices for fuel are as a result of sustained production cuts by the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries and interruptions to production in strife-torn Venezuela.

As a net importer of fuel, South Africa’s road transporters will remain vulnerable to the volatility of crude prices, which varied from US$13 and as much as US$23 per barrel in the 1990s and between US$24 and a staggering $104 per barrel since 2000.

In 2010, it averaged US$79 per barrel and soared from US$70,88 to US$77 this year.

Meanwhile, the depreciation of the Rand is as a result of a stronger US Dollar, leading to negative emerging market sentiment. Other emerging currencies also lost gains due to a rise in United States Treasury bond yields.

Worryingly, the country is expecting additional hikes later this year, and this risk will have to be carefully managed to mitigate its impact on the larger road transport logistics industry.

Cargo Carriers has a long and impressive track record using fuel efficiently in line with the company’s commitment to reducing its carbon footprint, of which fuel is the largest contributor and a finite resource that needs to be conserved.

Impressively, these efforts led to as much as a 4% reduction in its carbon footprint in 2017.

Sophisticated information technology has been harnessed to constantly monitor the efficient use of diesel, while patented trailers have helped reduce fuel burn in specialist operations.

These initiatives are complemented by the company’s ongoing focus on honing the skills of drivers, as well as a robust fleet maintenance and replacement strategy that prioritises fuel efficiencies.

Case study

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